Species Details

Details of Spotfin lionfish will be displayed below

Spotfin lionfish   

Common Name: Spotfin lionfish
Scientific Name: Pterois antennata
Local Name: -
Dhivehi Name: -
Animalia  (Kingdom)
Chordata  (Plylum)
Scorpaenidae  (Family)
Pterois   (Genus)

Spotfin lionfish's description

Dorsal spines : 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 6. Reddish to tan with many dark bars on body; median fins with scattered dark spots; tentacle above eye long and with dark bands . Adults with bluish black blotches near the base of the pectoral fins.

Spotfin lionfish habitat

Pterois antennata is a reef-associated species found at depths of 2 to 50 meters, and even up to 76 meters (Poss 1999). This species is either solitary or is sometimes found in small groups, and can reach a maximum length of 15 centimeters SL (H. Motomura unpublished data). It is uncommon during the day due to the fact that they hide under rock and coral formations, and become active at night in order to hunt. This species feeds on shrimp and crabs (Poss 1999).

Spotfin lionfish threats

The level of exploitation in fisheries and the aquarium trade is not suspected to be a major threat at this time. Due to its affinity with coral reefs, we suspect that this species may be experiencing population declines due to habitat loss in parts of its range.  However, this species also occupies rocky reefs, and therefore significant global population declines are not suspected.

As of 2008, 15% of the world's coral reefs were considered under imminent threat of being "Effectively Lost" (with 90% of the corals lost and unlikely to recover soon), with regions in East Africa, South and South-east Asia, and the wider Caribbean being the most highly threatened (Wilkinson et al. 2008). Of 704 zooxanthellate reef-building coral species which were assessed by using the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List Criteria, 32.8% are in categories with elevated risk of extinction (Carpenter et al. 2008).

Spotfin lionfish's status