S. jamaicensis plant has a smooth, dark green coloured stem, which turns woody towards the base of the stem . S. jamaicensis normally reproduces flowers in mix of bluish and pinkish colours or could bear flowers with a purple to deep blue colour. The leaves are opposite, greyish green in colour, have a smooth surface, and have a round apex and distinct petioles.
Woody subshrubs; branches subtertragonous. Leaves 3.5-7×2-4 cm, obovate, base cuneate and decurrent on petiole, margin coarsely crenate-serrate, apex obtuse or rounded; petiole to 2 cm long. Spikes terminal, 10-25 cm long, ca. 4 mm across. Bracts ca. 7 mm long. Calyx ca. 6 mm long, 4-toothed, puberulous. Corolla hypocrateriform, bluish-pink; tube 8-10 mm long, slightly curved; limb ca. 8 mm across. Style included. Fruit ca. 5 mm long, oblong.
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis's facts
S. jamaicensis has been an important medicinal plant with great medicinal properties in traditional and folk medicinal systems. This plant has been used traditionally by the elderly as a cure for allergies and respiratory conditions, cough, cold, fever, constipation, digestive complications, and dysentery and promotes menstruation, among others.
Antimicrobial and Antifungal Activities
Anti-Inflammatory and Antinociceptive Activities
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis's Behavior & Ecology
In Maldives, S. jamaicensis is common in wild most of the islands. The plant mostly grows in the tropical regions.
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis's Reproduction
Reproduction is almost entirely by seed. These seeds are most commonly spread in dumped garden waste, soil, and contaminated agricultural produce. They may also become attached to animals, clothing, vehicles and machinery.
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis's Relationship with Humans
S. jamaicensis is widely known for its high medicinal importance in traditional and folk medicinal systems in various countries but not in Maldives. This plant has been reported to possess pharmacological effects due to the presence of various bioactive phytochemicals.
In herbal medicine, S. jamaicensis itself has been known to demonstrate antacid, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, hypotensive, antihelminthic, diuretic, laxative, lactagogue, purgative, sedative, spasmogenic, vasodilator, vulnerary, vermifuge properties and more.