The Ocean oriental sweetlips, Plectorhinchus vittatus, is a species of grunt native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean. This species is abundant in all coral reefs in Maldives at depths from 2 to 25 m.
Dorsal fin with 13 spines and 17-20 rays; the second to the fifth spine longest and subequal. Anal fin with 3 spines and 7-8 rays. Lips fleshy, swollen with age.
Varies greatly with age. Juveniles with connected black blotches that gradually break up in adults into horizontal bands which unite at tip of snout. Pectoral fins black in juveniles, becoming uniform yellow in adults. Median fins with black margin. Tail spotted with age.
Oriental sweetlips's Behavior & Ecology
Inhabits coral reefs and inshore rocky reefs. Juveniles solitary, inhabits clear shallow protected lagoon; adults may be solitary or occur in aggregations.
Oriental sweetlips's Reproduction
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding.
Oriental sweetlips habitat
This species inhabits shallow, coastal coral reefs, lagoons and seaward reefs. It occurs solitarily or in small groups and is most active at night. Its maximum total length is 60 cm (Allen and Erdmann 2012). Juveniles also occur in tidepools (Kumar et al. 2016) and seagrass beds (Pogoreutz et al. 2012).
Oriental sweetlips threats
This species is targeted by commercial fishing, though this is not known to be causing global-level declines at this time.