Species Details

Details of Curry leaf tree will be displayed below

Curry leaf tree   

Common Name: Curry leaf
Scientific Name: Murraya koenigii
Local Name: Hikandhi faiyh
Dhivehi Name: ހިކަނދި ފަތް
Plantae  (Kingdom)
Spermatophyta  (Plylum)
Dicotyledonae  (Class)
Sapindales  (Order)
Rutaceae  (Family)
Murraya   (Genus)

Curry leaf tree's description

It is a small tree, growing 4–6 m (13–20 feet) tall, with a trunk up to 40 cm (16 in) diameter. The aromatic leaves are pinnate, with 11–21 leaflets, each leaflet 2–4 cm (0.79–1.57 in) long and 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 in) broad. The plant produces small white flowers which can self-pollinate to produce small shiny-black berries containing a single, large viable seed. Though the berry pulp is edible—with a sweet but medicinal flavour—in general, neither the pulp nor seed is used for culinary purposes.

 

Curry leaf tree's facts

  • The leaves are valued as seasoning in Maldvian cooking, also in southern and west-coast Indian cooking, and Sri Lankan cooking.
  • Leaves aromatic when crushed.
  • Regular intake of the leaves is recommended for good health.

Curry leaf tree's Behavior & Ecology

Small tree, c. 3.5 m tall, branches pubescent. Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets 9-27, 20-50 x 11-28 mm, ovate to ovate-lanceolate or orbicular, oblique, acute to obtuse, apex retuse, margin irregularly crenulate. Flowers white, in terminal, branched cymes. Calyx lobes 5, triangular. Petals 7 mm, linear-oblong, glandular. Ovary 2 locular, ovules 1(-2) in each locule; style short; stigma captitate. Berry ovoid, 1 x 6 mm, black when ripe.

Not commonly found in the wild state. The ‘curry leaf’ is frequently cultivated in gardens. Leaves are used as a condiment to flavour curries.

Curry leaf tree's Feeding

It is an autotrophic (which makes there own food using sun light).

Curry leaf tree's Reproduction

Seeds must be ripe and fresh to plant; dried or shrivelled fruits are not viable. One can plant the whole fruit, but it is best to remove the pulp before planting in potting mix that is kept moist but not wet. Stem cuttings can be also used for propagation.

Curry leaf tree's Relationship with Humans

Its leaves are used in many dishes in Maldives, Sri Lanka, India and neighbouring countries. Often used in curries, the leaves are generally called by the name 'curry leaves', and are also used as an herb in Ayurvedic medicine.