Species Details

Details of Checkerboard wrasse will be displayed below

Checkerboard wrass...   

Common Name: Checkerboard wrasse
Scientific Name: Halichoeres hortulanus
Local Name: Gulsanpa hikaa
Dhivehi Name: ގުލްސަންޕާހިކާ
Animalia  (Kingdom)
Chordata  (Plylum)
Perciformes  (Order)
Labridae  (Family)
Halichoeres   (Genus)

Checkerboard wrasse's description

The checkerboard wrasse is a small sized fish that can reach a maximum length of 27 centimetres (11 in). Both its sex and appearance change during its life, and the colouring at each stage is rather variable based on location. The body is thin, relatively lengthened and its mouth is terminal. At juvenile stage, this wrasse has a white silvery background color with three black and dark red vertical patchs from back head, middle of the body and on the caudal peduncle. A black ocellus with yellow ring adorns the rear of the dorsal fin, two distinctive white spots are also visible on top and bottom of the caudal peduncle. Also a reddish line passes through the eyes starting from tip of the snout. In the terminal phase (after gender has been determined at maturity), there is a large variation of coloration. The checkerboard wrasse has a white to greenish background coloration with blue to black on the edge of its scales, reminiscent of a checkerboard pattern. The head is greenish with pink lines stretching to dots behind the eyes until the base of dorsal fin. A bright yellow spot appears at the border of the side and the dorsal fin. Some color variation occur with a possible black spot just behind the characteristic first yellow spot, and a second bright yellow spot can be seen along the edge of the dorsal fin but at the end of this later. In the Red Sea, half the back of some individuals may be colored blue. The caudal fin is truncated and usually yellow with a pinkish pattern, which can be faded or completely blue.

Checkerboard wrasse's facts

Did you know?

The checkerboard wrasse hangs out in the sandy patches of a reef. It spends its days looking for food to munch on with its thick lips and large front teeth, and at night hides and rests in the reef.

Checkerboard wrasse habitat

This species is reef associated from 1-30 m. It inhabits sand patches of lagoon and outer seaward reefs to at least 30 m (Myers 1991). It is also found on slopes to moderate depths along drop-offs (Kuiter and Tonozuka 2001).

Juveniles are common at the bottom of surge channels (Lieske and Myers 1994). It feeds mainly on hard-shelled prey, including mollusks, crustaceans and sea urchins (Westneat 2001).

Checkerboard wrasse threats

There are no major threats known to this species.

Checkerboard wrasse's status