Species Details

Details of Midnight snapper will be displayed below

Midnight snapper   

Common Name: Midnight snapper
Scientific Name: Macolor macularis
Local Name: Kalhu foniyamas
Dhivehi Name: ކަޅުފޮނިޔަމަސް
Animalia  (Kingdom)
Chordata  (Plylum)
Teleostei  (Class)
Perciformes  (Order)
Lutjanidae  (Family)
Macolor   (Genus)

Midnight snapper's description

The Midnight Snapper (Macolor macularis) is a tropical species.

Short descriptionMorphology | Morphometrics Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 10. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body relatively deep and laterally compressed, greatest body depth 2.2-2.4 in SL; dorsal profile of head convex in adults, in oblique straight line in young; maxilla without scales or longitudinal ridges; preopercle with a deep notch (or gash) receiving elongate interopercular spine (for individuals of about 20 cm SL); gill rakers of first gill arch 37-42 + 71-81 = 110-122; soft rays of dorsal fin usually 13; continuous dorsal fin with spinous portion distinctly notched in young; dorsal and anal fins distinctly pointed posteriorly, the soft ray of both fins, shorter than next to last ray; caudal fin rounded (individuals < 20 cm SL) and emarginate (individuals >10 cm SL); pelvic fins very long and pointed in young, but short and rounded in adults; soft dorsal and anal fins with scales basally; tubed lateral-line scales 50-55; juveniles with very long pelvic fins. Colour of adults dark grey brown dorsally and shading to yellow on head and ventral body, head with fine blue lines or spots, body scales with blue lines or short dashes, smaller adult with trace or juvenile pattern especially the white spots; juveniles with distinct black and white pattern, with more than 5 white spots on back; subadult similar to juvenile but with white spots on back more numerous and black areas with small white spots.

Midnight snapper's Feeding

Apparently feed primarily on large zooplankton at night, but also feed largely on fishes and crustaceans. 

Midnight snapper habitat

This species inhabits steep slopes of lagoon, channel, or seaward reefs (Lieske and Myers 1994). Juveniles occur singly on protected reef slopes with feather stars, or inside staghorn corals or large sponges. Adults commonly occur on deep reef slopes and may be in small groups (Lieske and Myers 1994, Kuiter and Tonozuka 2001). Occasionally, this species aggregates with M. niger (Myers 1999). This species feeds primarily on large zooplankton at night, also fish and crustaceans (Anderson and Allen 2001). This species reaches a maximum total length of about 60 cm (Allen and Steene 1988). The estimated fork length of female maturity is 35 cm (Longenecker et al. 2014). Macolor species may reach ages of 40–50 years on the Great Barrier Reef (J.H. Choat pers. comm. in Hay and Leis 2011).

Midnight snapper threats

This species is caught with handlines, gill nets, and traps. They are also occasionally speared by divers and are frequently seen in markets (Anderson and Allen 2001).

Midnight snapper's status