Species Details

Details of Shadowfin soldierfish will be displayed below

Shadowfin soldierf...   

Common Name: Shadowfin soldierfish
Scientific Name: Myripristis adusta
Local Name: Hiyani dhanbodu
Dhivehi Name: ހިޔަނިދަންބޮޑު
Animalia  (Kingdom)
Chordata  (Plylum)
Beryciformes  (Order)
Holocentridae  (Family)
Myripristis   (Genus)

Shadowfin soldierfish's description

Shadowfin soldierfish (Myripristis adusta) is a species of soldierfish belonging to the family Holocentridae.

Short description - Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-16; Anal spines: 4; Anal soft rays: 12 - 14. Pale salmon pink; edges of scales dorsally on body deep blue to black; median fins with broad black outer border. Inner pectoral fin axil naked except for one (rarely two) moderate scales on lower half.

Colour - Silvery, suffused with pale salmon, distinctive black blotches on soft dorsal, anal and caudal fins. Spiny dorsal black except for clear stripe in the middle. Head dark.

Shadowfin soldierfish's facts

Did you know?

  • Shadowfin soldierfish (Myripristis adusta) is the largest species of the genus. Its size and distinctive colouration makes this species relatively easy to identify. Common in coral reefs of Maldives.

Shadowfin soldierfish habitat

The species inhabits coral-rich areas of drop-offs and steep channel slopes from below the effects of surge to over 25 m depth. This species seeks refuge in caves and beneath ledges during the day often in aggregations but also occurs singly or in small groups, sometimes with other species (Lieske and Myers 1994, Randall and Greenfield 1999, Kuiter and Tonozuka 2001). This species is a nocturnal planktivore (Durville et al. 2003). The size at maturity for males is from 16.5-19.9 cm and female 16.8-20.0. Fecundity ranged from 11,834-28,955 (average= 20,024) (Longnecker et al. 2012). The maximum recorded size for this species is 35 cm (Sommer et al. 1996).

Shadowfin soldierfish threats

Major threats to this species are unknown. The nocturnal habits and cryptic daytime nature of M. adusta are likely to minimize potential threats of exploitation.

Shadowfin soldierfish's status