Valentin's sharpnose puffer (Canthigaster valentini) is a demersal marine fish belonging to the family Tetraodontidae.
Short description - Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 9. Side with two prominent dark bars extending to belly.
Max length : 11.0 cm TL male/unsexed.
There have been observed declines in the abundance of C. valentini in parts of its range (K. Carpenter pers. comm. 2011). Due to its affinity with coral reefs and seagrass beds, we infer that this is due to habitat loss in parts of its range.
As of 2008, fifteen percent of the world’s coral reefs were considered under imminent threat of being “Effectively Lost” (with 90% of the corals lost and unlikely to recover soon), with regions in East Africa, South and South-east Asia, and the wider Caribbean being the most highly threatened (Wilkinson et al. 2008). Of 704 zooxanthellate reef-building coral species which were assessed by using the IUCN Red List Criteria, 32.8% are in categories with elevated risk of extinction (Carpenter et al. 2008).
One-third of global seagrass species are currently experiencing population declines, and 21% of IUCN Red List assessed seagrass species are in threatened or Near Threatened categories primarily due to coastal development and pollution (Short et al. 2011).