The map puffer (Arothron mappa) is a demersal marine fish belonging to the family Tetraodontidae.
Short description - Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 10 - 11. Body covered with prickles (Ref. 559). Body beautifully colored; black area around anus, black reticulations below pectoral fins.
Max length : 65.0 cm TL male/unsexed.
There have been no confirmed population declines in A. mappa. However, because of its affinity with coral reefs and seagrass beds, its high-value in the marine aquarium trade, and possible exploitation in the international pufferfish trade, we infer that A. mappa may be experiencing population declines due to habitat loss and harvesting in parts of its range. In Japan, this species is called "Kesho-fugu"
As of 2008, fifteen percent of the world’s coral reefs were considered under imminent threat of being “Effectively Lost” (with 90% of the corals lost and unlikely to recover soon), with regions in East Africa, south and Southeast Asia, and the wider Caribbean being the most highly threatened (Wilkinson et al. 2008). Of 704 zooxanthellate reef-building coral species which were assessed by using the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List Criteria, 32.8% are in categories with elevated risk of extinction (Carpenter et al. 2008).
One-third of global seagrass species are currently experiencing population declines, and 21% of globally assessed seagrass species are in threatened or near-threatened categories primarily due to coastal development and pollution (Short et al. 2011).